Learn what is happening at Purolite locations accross the globe.
Learn what is happening at Purolite locations accross the globe.
24/jun/2020 / Atizapán de Zaragoza, Mexico
Purolite is excited to welcome Dulce Maria Verde Perez for Customer Service for Mexico and Central America
12/jun/2020 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Stephen Xing is the Deputy General Managerin Safety and Internal Affairs at the China plant location. In his role, Stephen manages many areas including administrative, safety, and security.
10/jun/2020 / Suwon-si, Korea
Purolite is excited to welcome Jonghun Park for Technical Sales in Korea
3/jun/2020 / Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic
Purolite is excited to welcome Martin Novák as Sales and Technical Manager in the Czech Republic
20/mai/2020 / Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Purolite Korea Ion Exchange Resins Applications Laboratory
9/mai/2020 / Wales, UK
Lauren Davies works within the Agarose Pilot and Jetting Labs as a Team Leader, ensuring production runs as efficiently as possible within the teams.
1/mai/2020 / Zhejiang, China
Purolite China Co., Ltd., located in Zhejiang, China recently received two additional ISO certifications.
Purolite is happy to announce the promotion of Frank Burinsky to Midwest Sales Manager
23/abr/2020 / Wales, UK
Purolite has secured funding from HSBC UK to support essential industries during the coronavirus outbreak.
23/abr/2020 / Wales, UK
Purolite has donated over 6000 pieces of PPE, including gloves and face masks to the Tonyrefail surgery to support the response to COVID-19.
16/abr/2020 / King of Prussia, PA
Purolite is happy to announce the promotion of Chrystal Stasicky from Administrative Assistant to Sales Support Specialist.
16/abr/2020 / State of Mexico, Mexico
Purolite Corporation in Mexico has successfully transitioned to ISO 9001:2015.
The latest supply statement from Purolite Life Sciences regarding Covid-19.
26/mar/2020 / King of Prussia, PA
Purolite welcomes Howard Brodie as Vice President and Global General Counsel to the Team.
Purolite Corporation is 100% operational
15/mar/2020 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Congratulations to Daniel Valentin, Purolite's Employee of the month, Marc 2020! Dan's co-workers have observed him going above and beyond the expectations of his role, and providing critical assistance to the lab.
6/mar/2020 / Wales, UK
Praesto Jetted A50 chromatography resin has been incorporated into the commercial manufacturing process of an FDA-approved monoclonal antibody treatment.
Purolite Corporation announces the launch of Purolite Resin System Modeling platform or PRSM™, the latest in resin plant simulation. PRSM is a free cloud-based program that models all aspects of plant design associated with ion exchange resin performance and operation.
15/fev/2020 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite is proud to announce February's Employee of the Month, Gabriel Milea! Gabriel was nominated after supervisors noticed his efforts in the transition to new technology within the AMA facility.
Purolite is happy to welcome Ahmed Eldaly to its Egypt sales team.
15/jan/2020 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Congratulations to Purolite's Employees of the month, Antonio, Felix, and Ray! The team worked hard to complete an early morning transfer in sub-zero temperatures.
19/dez/2019 / King of Prussia, PA
Purolite is proud to welcome its new Marketing Communications Manager, Suzanne Myers to the marketing team.
16/dez/2019 / Italy
Purolite is proud to announce that Claudio Genco, Sales Representative in the Italian office, has been selected as Purolite's Employee of the Month!
4/dez/2019 / Llantrisant, Wales
Purolite Life Sciences have joined forces with Iosynth, a biocatalysis service company offering specialist process development and optimization services to global pharma, agro chemical, cosmetics and fine chemical markets.
2/dez/2019 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite Corporation announces plans for new global headquarters in King of Prussia, PA, USA
21/nov/2019 / Llantrisant, South Wales
Purolite's Praesto range of agarose-based chromatography resins move into the commercial manufacturing of FDA-approved biotherapeutics.
15/nov/2019 / Philadelphial, PA, USA
Congratulations to Scott Haldeman, Ion Exchange Chemist, on being selected as Purolite's Employee of the Month! Scott was nominated by Steve Moylan, Laboratory Manager, who observed Scott's efforts in the lab.
15/out/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite welcomes Jim Zawicki, Marketing Communications Manager, to the Marketing Team! In this new position, he will be responsible for content development, website building, and social media management.
15/out/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite is happy to welcome Nomble Lee to the Applications Team. Nomble joins Purolite as Applications Engineer, and will assist the Sales Team in answering customer's questions and providing new applications solutions.
15/out/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite is excited to announce the promotion of Doree Jacobs to Purchasing Assistant! Join us in wishing her the best of success in this new role.
15/out/2019 / Wales, UK
Congratulations to Julian Coman, Purolite's Employee of the Month, October 2019! Julian went above and beyond expectations this month, meeting tight deadlines and producing high quality product.
30/set/2019 / Fullerton, CA, USA
Purolite is excited to welcome Dan Teeters, our new National Service and Technical Support Manager. In this new position, he will be responsible for service management, and support of the Applications Engineering team.
27/set/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite wishes congratulations to John Madiraca on his promotion to the position of Manager of Sales Support and Special Projects. His new role will introduce new the responsibilities of Corporate Office and Special Projects Manager. Join us in wishing John the best of luck in this new position!
13/set/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Congratulations to Michael Rivera, Employee of the Month of September, 2019! Michael, IT Technician at Purolite's Philadelphia Headquarters, spent the past few month learning and implementing a new network system, and training employees on its use.
12/set/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite is excited to welcome Martin Ghosh to the team in Victoria, Romania. Martin Ghosh comes to Purolite as Administrator and General Manager for our production plant in Romania.
15/ago/2019 / Deqing, China
Congratulations Mr. Ji Gang, Engineer and Maintenance Manager at Purolite's production plant in Deqing, China for being selected as Employee of the Month, August 2019! His effort and dedication to the completion of several projects this year helped to motivate his fellow employees and streamline their completion!
1/ago/2019 / Deqing County, China
Purolite is happy to announce that Zhao Wei has joined Purolite's team at the plant in China. In this new position, he will be responsible for General Management of Purolite's production plant.
24/jul/2019 / Wales, U.K.
Purolite is excited to welcome Dr. David Hayhurst back to the UK sales team. David joins the team as U.K. Technical Sales Manager, and will be responsible for providing technical and sales support to customers within the Midlands and Southwest of England and Wales.
18/jul/2019 / Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Cathy Swanson, Groundwater Remediation Specialist, was invited to speak at the American Groundwater Trust's training seminar, focused on new technologies for the removal of PFAS and other contaminants.
15/jul/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Congratulations to Anna Luna, July's Employee of the Month! Anna works at the G-street plant in the Human Resource Department. Over the past few months, Anna has maintained the responsibilities of both Human Resource Generalist and Human Resource Manager during a company transition; doing so with a positive attitude.
11/jul/2019 / Kansas City, Missouri, USA
Purolite welcomes Chris Zdvorak to the Technical Sales Team. Chris will assist the Midwest Region in identifying solutions to their process problems.
9/jul/2019 / Amman, Jordan
Purolite's team in Jordan has moved to a new location.
8/jul/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite is happy to introduce Alexis Sherman, the new Human Resource Manager at the G-Street plant located in Philadelphia. Alexis will be available to help ensure employees needs are met.
3/jul/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite is happy to introduce Anamaria, who will function as Chemical Engineer to the plant in Romania. Anamaria comes to Purolite with a background in science and research, ready to explore new pharmaceutical and health related applications for our products.
3/jul/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite is proud to introduce Anamaria Mardaru, the newest member of the technical team at our Romania location. With an extensive background in chemical engineering, Mardaru will assume the position of Process Engineer.
1/jul/2019 / Mexico & Central America
Purolite is excited to welcome Elizabeth Cuan to the team in Mexico as Office Support. Elizabeth has a background in Business Administration, particularly finance, and we look forward to seeing her contribute to our team!
28/jun/2019 / Tangier, Morocco
Purolite is excited to introduce Mohamed Allouch, the newest addition to our EMEA sales team.
27/jun/2019 / Manila, Philipines
Fabio Sousa, Managing Director of Latin American Operations, presents on sugar processing at Coca-Cola's sweetener workshop.
We are pleased to announce that we will be taking part in a series of upcoming Repligen Technical Seminars in 2019.
19/jun/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Congratulations to the team at Purolite S.R.L. for the successful audit and achieving maintenance of the certification for pharmaceutical production.
18/jun/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Looking to decrease environmental impact while increasing efficiency, Purolite S.R.L. will build a state-of-the-art wastewater treatment plant in Victoria, Romania.
13/jun/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Congratulations to Lorenzo Martinez, June's Employee of the Month! Lorenzo works in the shipping and packaging department at the G-street plant, and has been with Purolite for 25 years. His co-workers have all noticed and appreciated his leadership skills, looking up to him as an exemplary employee at the plant.
12/jun/2019 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite Romania passes environmental management system operations audit for ISO 14001 certification from BSI Group.
10/jun/2019 / Boca Raton, FL, USA
Chris Bailey joins the Purolite East Coast Sales team as Southeast Regional Manager. Join us in welcoming him to the team.
5/jun/2019 / Braşov, Romania
Adelin Stefanache proudly accepted awards on behalf of Purolite at the 14th annual Excellence in Business Awards Gala in Braşov, Romania.
3/jun/2019 / Estado de Mexico, Mexico
Marlyn Lopez Aguilar joins the Purolite team in Mexico, functioningas the Administrative and Financial Manager to Mexico and Central America.
28/mai/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Emma Izzo comes to Purolite from University of Pennsylvania, joining the marketing Team as Marketing Intern.
20/mai/2019 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Meet Brendan, Purolite USA's new Marketing Intern. Brendan comes to Purolite from Bucknell College, and will spend the summer creating content for and developing the Purolite website.
20/mai/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Meet Hilary Valentine, Purolite USA's new Marketing Coordinator. Hilary comes to Purolite with background experience in Marketing and Trade Show Management.
20/mai/2019 / Wales, United Kingdom
James Roberts is the newest member of our Purolite team in the UK. James joins Purolite as Financial Planning and Analysis Manager.
16/mai/2019 / Tokyo, Japan
Tokyo, Japan – Purolite is excited to welcome Jun Sakyo, Technical Sales Specialist, to the Sales team in Purolite Japan. Jun comes to Purolite with significant experience in organic synthetic chemistry, chemical production, and engineering.
8/mai/2019 / Wales, UK
Congratulations to Kate Lewis, Employee of the Month, May 2019! Kate Lewis, Quality Control Technician at the UK plant spent this month developing new testing methods to check the quality of our new line of resins, Purosynth, as well as contributing to a number of other R&D projects.
15/abr/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Meet Dario Vracevic, the newest member of the finance team at Purolite's U.S. headquarters. Dario attends Drexel university and will be completing his co-op in our finance department, as Financial Analyst co-op.
10/abr/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Congratulations to Dave Concepcion! Dave, Purolite's Maintenance Supervisor and Coordinator at the US manufacturing plant, has been chosen as Purolite's April Employee of the Month. His contributions to the plants efficiency and to company culture are significant and greatly beneficial to Purolite.
Purolite is pleased to announce our partnership with PharmNXT Biotech, for the supply and distribution of the Purolite Life Science Praesto® range of chromatography resins in India.
3/abr/2019 / Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania, USA
Meet Jason Copin, Purolite USA's new Credits and Collections Manager. With a background in Organizational Leadership and Finance, he will manage customer credit accounts.
1/abr/2019 / Algeria
Purolite is proud to welcome Athmane Rabia to the Technical Sales Team in Algeria. There, he will assume the role of Technical Sales Engineer, assisting clients in his territory to select the correct resin solution for their process.
27/mar/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Purolite is happy to welcome Joshua Antonacci to the Technical Team at the G-street plant.
6/fev/2019 / Southern California, USA
Purolite is proud to welcome Gabe Austin to the Sales Team in the Western Region as Western Regional Technical Sales Representative.
30/jan/2019 / Europe, Middle East, Africa
Congratulations to Matteo Garegnani! Matteo has been with Purolite's Technical Team for 18 years. We know that he will contribute greatly in his new role as Applications Director EMEA Region.
30/jan/2019 / Californa, USA
Purolite is excited to welcome Cathy Swanson to the US Sales Team as West Regional Sales Manager.
23/jan/2019 / Zhejiang, China
The Chinese Government announced that it has certified Purolite’s Research and Development Institute as a Government Senior-Level Subsidized Project.
19/jan/2019 / Philadelphia, PA
Devon Santos has joined the Purolite Manufacturing Team as Mechanical Engineer Co-op. He will spend the next 8 months working at the G-Street Plant.
14/jan/2019 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite will raise prices to an average of 10% for ion exchange, adsorbent, chelation, catalyst and select specialty resins.
8/jan/2019 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite begins 2019 by investing for future sustainability and continuing our commitment to being the leader in resin technology.
10/dez/2018 / Lisbon, Iowa, USA
Purolite USA partners with Global Water Services to open a stocking warehouse in the Midwest USA.
12/nov/2018 / Hangzhou, China
Cathy Zhou has been promoted to Vice President of China, and will be responsible for overseeing daily management of Purolite.
31/out/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA
Purolite welcomes new employee Jason Pryor to the Sales Support team as Sales Support Specialist.
31/out/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA
Purolite is happy to welcome Rebecca Keyser to the Sales Support Team as Sales Support Specialist
23/out/2018 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Purolite is excited to welcome Anna Luna to the Human Resource Team as HR Assistant.
16/out/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite is happy to announce that Shaindel Brodie joins the Purolite headquarters as Marketing Assistant.
2/out/2018 / Wales, UK
Purolite celebrate the opening of one of the world's largest facilities of its kind
24/set/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Tom Gigliotti becomes part of the Purolite USA marketing team and will be responsible for digital media objectives for Purolite including analytics, SEO and other corporate marketing objectives.
18/set/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Douglas Macrone joins the Customer Service team at the Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA headquarters as a Sales Support Specialist.
31/ago/2018 / Philadelphia, P.A., USA
Purolite Corporation joins Altair Equipment, Warminster Municipal Authority and others for an information session on treating PFAS contamination with ion exchange resin.
31/ago/2018 / Philadelphia, P.S., USA
Purolite Corporation in Philadelphia and Bala Cynwyd, P.A. USA has successfully transitioned to ISO 9001:2015.
We are pleased to announce that following a competitive bidding process run by Innovate UK, Purolite has successfully secured funding to support a project exploiting Purolite ECR resins and immobilised enzymes.
26/jul/2018 / São Paulo, Brasil
Purolite’s location in Brasil has achieved successful transition to the updated ISO 9001:2015 standard.
20/jul/2018 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite is proud to announce the promotion of Adriana Costin to the position of Copolymer Plant Supervisor at our production facility in Victoria, Romania.
19/jul/2018 / Llantrisant, Wales, U.K.
Andrew Talbot joins Purolite in Llantrisant, Wales, U.K. as the European Finance Analyst.
13/jul/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Effective July 11, 2018, Oliver Baumann has been promoted to Director of Sales in the USA and will head the Midwest, Southwest and Western USA sales teams.
10/jul/2018 / Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Purolite's office in Korea has moved to a new, modern office space.
3/jul/2018 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
The most recent member of our Applications Team will work at the laboratory in Philadelphia to assist with testing, product development and technical questions.
1/jul/2018 / Victoria, Romania
Effective July 1, 2018, Cătălin Zaharia has been promoted from Process Engineer to Project Manager at Purolite's production facility in Victoria, Romania.
Purolite Life Sciences announces the launch of Praesto® Jetted A50 using proprietary Jetting technology | Leading the future of Protein A chromatography resins.
5/jun/2018 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite will increase prices on ion exchange, adsorbent, chelation and catalyst resins on July 1, 2018.
1/mai/2018 / USA
Chase Migliore is now with Purolite as a Technical Sales Specialist covering Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and Ohio.
1/mai/2018 / Alberta, Canada
We are happy to welcome Allan Gray to Purolite as our Western Canada Sales Representative in Airdrie, AB, Canada.
24/abr/2018 / Llantrisant, South Wales
Purolite Life Sciences, a pioneer in resin innovation for close to 40 years, continues to lead the future of chromatography by combining Jetting - an innovative process that produces 50 µm uniform size agarose beads with high surface area - together with a modern, high performing protein A ligand.
19/mar/2018 / Auckland, New Zealand
Purolite opened a new technical sales office in Auckland, New Zealand to service customers in the country.
13/mar/2018 / Victoria, Romania
Christian Capriceanu joins Purolite in Victoria, Romania as an Information Technology Technician.
5/mar/2018 / Zhejiang, China
Purolite's manufacturing facility in Zhejiang, China receive certification for the ISO 9001:2015 standard.
4/mar/2018 / Zhejiang, China
Purolite Co. Ltd., Purolite's manufacturing facility in China has received OHSAS 9001:2008 certification for occupational health and safety management from WIT Assessment Co., Ltd.
11/dez/2017 / Victoria, Romania
Purolite leads the industry by removing 1,2 dichloroethane (also known as ethylene dichloride or EDC) from ion exchange resin production at the manufacturing facility in Victoria, Romania. Formerly used as a solvent in the production of resins, all ion exchange resins produced in Romania are now solvent free.
28/nov/2017 / Llantrisant, South Wales
SpinChem® and Purolite are releasing exchangeable resin-filled cartridges for easier and faster screening and optimization of biocatalysis production processes, designed to fit perfectly into SpinChem® rotating bed reactor (SpinChem® RBR S2).
21/nov/2017 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite will increase prices on ion exchange, adsorbent, chelation and catalyst resins up to 4.5% on January 1, 2018.
3/nov/2017 / Llantrisant, South Wales
Purolite is the first Agarose resin provider to produce process-scale volumes of a uniform particle size bead. Jetting technology is a new patented method that produces agarose beads with a very narrow particle size distribution.
1/nov/2017 / Llantrisant, South Wales
Purolite Life Sciences today announced its collaboration with Repligen Corporation (NASDAQ:RGEN), a life sciences company focused on bioprocessing technology leadership and the maker of the market-leading OPUS® line of pre-packed chromatography columns.
24/out/2017 / Philadelphia, PA, USA
Carlos Socorro is Purolite's new Environmental, Health and Safety Manager at our Philadelphia, USA plant. He is responsible for the development, oversight, and management of environmental health and safety programs that protect worker & visitor safety, the environment, and compliance with local / federal laws & regulations.
7/set/2017 / Zhejiang, China
Purolite China has received HALAL certification from MUI, Indonesia.
5/set/2017 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite colleagues living and working in the areas of Texas affected by Hurricane Harvey report that they are safe. Purolite is committed to helping our employees and customers recover from this devastating event.
15/ago/2017 / Neena, WI, USA
With a background in chemistry and strong experience in water treatment solutions, Purolite is happy to introduce Nick as part of the sales team in the USA.
27/jun/2017 / Llantrisant, South Wales
The new resin bead exploits the capabilities of ChromaTan’s Continuous Countercurrent Tangential Chromatography (CCTC) system – the first resin-based, column-free chromatography system – to provide up to 15x increases in productivity for Protein A capture, intermediate and polishing steps.
12/jun/2017 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite launches a product brand, Puromet™, for products targeting the removal, recovery and sequestration of metals.
15/mai/2017 / Umeå, Sweden
Through an exciting new cooperation agreement with Purolite Life Sciences, SpinChem is releasing exchangeable resin-filled cartridges that will allow for easier and faster screening and optimization of biocatalysis production processes.
15/mai/2017 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Available in purity grades supporting both ultra-pure pharmaceutical formulations, as well as high-purity industrial material development, PuroMill™ reduces the particle size of pharmaceutical and chemical compounds to nano scale (< 100 nm) to enhance their physical and chemical properties.
8/mar/2017 / Milan, Italy
From laboratory research and scale-up, to production and sales—Enrico brings his broad knowledge of the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries to the Purolite team!
9/fev/2017 / Llantrisant, Wales, United Kingdom
Purolite Ltd., Purolite's R&D Laboratory in Wales, United Kingdom, has received ISO 14001:2015 certification for environmental management system operations by the BSI Group, England.
31/jan/2017 / Milan, Italy
Purolite is happy to introduce Monica Dell’Acqua, our new Technical Service Engineer in Europe. Monica has a Ph.D. in Drug Chemistry, has specialized knowledge in patents and industrial property management, and is very knowledgeable of Purolite products for all industries, including pharmaceuticals.
27/jan/2017 / Llantrisant, South Wales
Highly knowledgeable in Quality Assurance and Regulatory Affairs, we are proud to announce that Mark has joined our team!
12/dez/2016 / Hangzhou, Zhejiang, PRC
Xiaomi Global has developed an innovative water treatment pitcher for in-home use that incorporates Purolite resins. Unlike typical filtration pitchers that use a single resin to treat water, the Viomi filtering pitcher uses three different resins to remove hardness scale, heavy metals and prevent bacterial growth.
5/dez/2016 / Llantrisant, South Wales, UK
Strem Chemicals, Inc., a manufacturer of specialty chemicals for research and development, and Purolite, a manufacturer of ion exchange resins, are proud to announce the signing of a distribution agreement.
15/nov/2016 / Huzhou City, China
Purolite strengthens global R&D capabilities by upgrading its facilities in Huzhou City, China.
28/out/2016 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite unveils a new look for the Web site that combines technical product and application information with fresh messaging, images and content.
18/out/2016 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite is grieving the loss of a long-time employee, friend, and mentor. Bill Fries, retired Technical Manager for Purolite, USA, has passed away. Bill was a pioneer in the ion exchange industry and a brilliant scientist. Bill worked for Purolite for 22 years, and even after retirement, stayed active with our company.
3/out/2016 / Wales, UK
Purolite Life Sciences is pleased to announced that Mr. Fred Ghanem has accepted a role at Purolite within our North American Business Manager. He will cover the United States and Canada.
28/ago/2016 / Tlalnepantla, Mexico
Purolite S de R.L.deCV in Mexico has moved from Naucalpan de Juárez to a larger, modern facility in Tlalnepantla, Mexico.
23/ago/2016 / Bala Cynwyd, PA, USA
Purolite PFA694E is made to reduce levels of short- and long-chain PFAS contamination to non-detect levels in municipal drinking water systems.
22/ago/2016 / USA
Purolite is excited to welcome Bill Jandrlich to the Sales Team as Southeast Sales Representative. He will cover the states of AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, OH, SC and TN.
1/ago/2016 / Tunisia
Purolite is excited to welcome Mr. Kacem Triki, to our newly established office in Tunisia, as Technical Sales Engineer.
13/jun/2016 / USA
Effective immediately, Bob Moore has taken over the role of Catalyst Manager from Wilbert Tsao, who retired this spring.
4/jun/2016 / Romania
Purolite unveils our fourth Class D clean room in Victoria, Romania.
13/mai/2016 / USA
Purolite do Brasil Ltda, located in San Paolo, SP, Brazil, has received ISO 9001:2008 certification for sales and technical support administration as well as applications laboratory and warehousing services by the BSI Group, Brazil.