Biocatalysis refers to the use of biological systems to speed up (catalyze) chemical reactions. Natural catalysts in these processes (such as enzymes) perform chemical transformations on organic compounds.
Biocatalysis has been vital to many industries for centuries, with many applications in the food and beverage industry.
Enzymes display three major types of selectivities:
Regioselectivity and diastereoselectivity
Covalent enzyme immobilization
Enzyme Immobilization by Adsorption
Enzyme Immobilization by Ionic Interaction